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Mastering Spanish & Obtaining Fluency


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500 Basic Korean Verbs 2

The Book

Upon studying this morning utilizing Glossika Korean, I came across this sentence:

늦었네요. — 아니에요. 저 안 늦었어요. 일찍 도착했어요.

which means:

You’re late. — No, I’m not! I’m early.

I knew that “늦다” means “to be late” and that “도착하다” means “to arrive”, but I needed a bit of help figuring out the different conjugations of these two verbs.

I have a book called “500 Basic Korean Verbs” that I purchased awhile back. This book is published by Tuttle and seems to be very good.

Here what I was looking at:

 

to-be-late2

 

 

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About 80 million people speak Korean (natively) worldwide, which is a relatively small number compared to other languages like English (400 million), Spanish (470 million), Mandarin (960 million) or even Japanese (125 million). There probably would be more Korean speakers in the world, at least as a second language (L2) but there is something that is discouraging people from learning to speak Korean – and I’ll tell you what it is:

SYNTAX

This is probably not the case for everybody, but the more I delve into the Korean language, the more I say to myself “What did I get myself into?”. Don’t get me wrong. I love Korean and I love the challenge. I am enjoying studying Korean and feeling like jumping off a 150 foot cliff at the same time. The way the Korean folks explains things is just so very different from the way we would say it in English and in other European languages. I haven’t studied Japanese, but I hear that there are some similarities in the sentence syntax and sentence structure between Japanese and Korean. But compared to English – very different. This is what makes learning Korean take longer to learn than other languages for native English speakers.

Syntax is the way in which words and punctuation are used and arranged to form phrases, clauses and sentences. This can mean the selection of a word or the word’s tense, the arrangement of the words and the selection of the punctuation.

Syntax is also known as the study of the rules that must be followed to create well-formed phrases, clauses and sentences. (yourdictionary.com)

If you study Korean, you know exactly what I’m talking about. If you don’t, here is an example of some Korean sentences to show you what I mean. These are not too complex, but you can get a sense of what I’m talking about by taking a look at them.

 

The weather’s warm and sunny today.   오늘 날씨가 따뜻하고 화창해요.

오늘                  날씨가                                                               따뜻하고                                   화창해요.

Today               weather (w/subject marker 가)               warm(is)(하고=and)            sunny(is).

 

Where are you from?  어디에서 왔어요?

어디에서                        왔어요?

Where (from)             came (you, understood)?

 

What are you interested in? 취미가 뭐예요?

취미가                                                                         뭐예요?

Hobby/interests (w/subject marker 가)          what (is)?

 

As you can see, this is a very interesting language!

 


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If you’re reading this, chances are you are into language learning, or least interested enough to check it out a bit. If that’s the case, you have probably heard of the Glossika Courses, which can be found at glossika.com. I have used the following courses from Glossika and highly recommend them: Italian, Castilian Spanish, and Mexican Spanish.

I began studying Korean intensely on February 16, 2016 – a little over a month and a half ago. I have been using the textbook called “Korean from Zero” (which can actually be downloaded for free from koreanfromzero.com or purchased on Amazon). This book, so far, has been very instrumental to me for learning vocabulary, the syntax, and the grammatical structure of Korean.

In addition to this text book, I have been watching some videos from “Talk to Me in Korean” on YouTube. These are very informative, in that they often explain how and why something is said in Korean.

Glossika KoreanA couple of days ago, the news came out for the long awaited (at least for me, anyway) Glossika Korean Course. So, naturally, I picked myself up a copy (if that’s the term I can use for an online purchase) and downloaded it. The course consists of loads of MP3 audio and 3 PDF books.

I commenced the course the next day and have really enjoyed it so far. What I love about this course is that the sentences that are presented are in normal, regular speech and I have gotten lots of practice (yes in just a couple of days) reading, writing, listening and speaking Korean.

I’ve already tested out some of what I haved learned with my wife, who is from South Korea. Today she complemented me on my “suddenly-improved” pronunciation and ability to produce complete sentences. This was very encouraging!

GK_1

Writing with Glossika Korean

I can only say a few basic things in Korean, but it it’s going well. I haven’t used Glossika Korean long enough to write a thorough review about it, but I plan to in the future, naturally!

I hope this bit of information will help someone out there who is learning Korean, or any other language. You can let me know if there’s anything I can do for you to help you learn better. 🙂

Until the next post!

-Sam


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CULTUREeng

Is understanding the culture important, or even necessary, for learning your target language? 

flamencoAlthough it may be possible to separate the culture from the language you are learning, I believe it can only be possible in the beginning, when you have just begun learning the basics. But why would we want to do that?

Here are some reasons I think knowing the culture is important to language learning:

 

Culture helps you understand

kimchipotI have been studying Korean and can’t imagine attempting to understand why some things are expressed the way they are without knowing something about the culture. Learning about the Korean people and the way things are done in Korea has helped me to understand how they speak.

 

History, Government, People

afrWhen you learn about the people and their history, government, education system, etc. it will help you to understand news stories and articles that you will encounter as you progress in the language.

 

 

It will keep your motivation level up

ukraineAn important part of language learning is keeping it interesting. The minute we get bored and lose interested in our study, it is very easy to slack or even give up completely. That’s why it is important to stay motivated. Exploring your language’s interesting culture can keep you coming back for more.

Culture for Travel

restaurante-mexicanoIf you’re learning a language to be used on your trip, or even if that isn’t that case, when you go to that country, you will not only know the language, but the culture as well, which will be things a heck of alot easier for you during your stay.

 

What about Esperanto?

south_park_in_esperanto_by_timelike01I have heard and read people say that Esperanto does not have a culture, because it is a constructed language and isn’t an official language in any country. Boloney. A culture does indeed exist, and it exists among the people who speak it. Esperantistoj are all over the world, in many countries. They sometimes meet in person, but there is a very large community of Esperantists on the Internet. Through conversations, news articles, chat sessions, video, and even movies in the language, a culture is created. It’s the culture of the speakers of the same language. New terms and idiomatic expressions develop, etc. Of course, I can go on about Esperanto, but that sounds like a future post. 🙂